Postpactum Depression in Adolescents

Write an article on Postpactum Depression in Adolescents. It needs to be at least 2250 words. The conclusion from this review states that Postpartum Depression (PPD) can have deleterious effects on parents, infants, older children, extended families and the community. Postpartum depression results in devastating consequences for adults. However, for adolescents, who are already in major transitional changes, postpartum depression causes insurmountable damage. Studies have reported that teen mothers are at risk since they experience higher levels of despair, lower self-esteem and suicide attempts compared to their adult counterparts. An understanding of the complexities and individual vulnerabilities of young adolescents in relation to PPD combined with early identification is a primary concern of the social workers and health practitioners to prevent PPD from becoming a more serious mental illness. Postpartum Depression is a potentially devastating disorder with prevalence rates ranging from 20% to 26% in adolescent mothers. There has been some disagreement about the peak incidence of PPD onset, with various studies indicating that onset could begin within the first 12 weeks postpartum. In general, onset is usually gradual, but can be rapid, and may begin any time during the first year of postpartum. Additionally, research has shown that depressive episodes extend beyond the first postpartum year and may occur continuously and/or intermittently for extended periods. PPD is often referred to as postpartum non-psychotic depression to differentiate from PPP (postpartum psychosis), throughout this discussion PPD will maintain that definition. PPD in an adolescent mother is characterized by symptoms including debilitating depression, suicidal ideation, hopelessness, feelings of inadequacy, fatigue, lack of interest in a baby, low levels of functioning, isolation and social withdrawal, irritability, severe mood swings, difficulties in concentration, decreased libido, anhedonia (lack of interest in living and in the pleasures of life), unintended changes in eating patterns and somatic manifestations of anxiety, such as palpitations and headaches (Ammerman et al. 2007. McMahon, Barnett, Kowalenko, & Tennant, 2006. Forman et al., 2007. Mayberry, Andrews Horowitz, & Declercq, 2007. Tuohy, 2008. Dennis, 2005). Indeed, these symptoms are similar to and are often the same as those of major depression that occur at other times. Left untreated PPD can have significant and long lasting detrimental effects on the infant, the family, and the mother herself (Baker et al., 2005). Considerable evidence exists that maternal depression has adverse effects on maternal-infant attachment and long-term infant cognitive and emotional development (Baker et al., 2005). As with PP OCD, there have been reports of PPD in young fathers (Goodman, 2004). Maternal depression seems to be the strongest predictor of paternal postpartum depression (Goodman, 2004). Other factors that contribute to paternal postpartum depression are distressed marital relationship, history of depression, unemployment, poor social functioning, low socioeconomic status and stepfamily membership (Goodman, 2004). Ramchandani, Stein, Evans and O’Connor (2005) in a large longitudinal study investigated the effects of paternal depression on early childhood emotional and behavioral development.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with TermPapersForMe
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 10k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Psychology
Very clear, and complete information presented. I, thank you for all of your hard work, appreciate it!
Customer 452483, August 9th, 2021
Nursing
Good job!! Thank you!!!
Customer 452487, September 9th, 2021
Psychology
Thank you so much for all of your hard work & help! It’s perfect! Appreciate it!!
Customer 452483, September 11th, 2021
Communications
came in earlier than I thought and has all the sources listed and cited in APA format, overall all perfect!
Customer 452461, May 24th, 2021
Nursing
Excellent writing !! Definitely I will use your services again... Thank you.
Customer 452487, August 22nd, 2021
Other
I appreciate the help.
Customer 452567, March 18th, 2022
Healthcare Writing & Communications
Perfect! Thank you for also remembering to highlight the necessary words. Appreciate all of your help and hard work!
Customer 452483, November 7th, 2021
Psychology
Thank you so much for all of your hard work, appreciate every bit of it!
Customer 452483, September 6th, 2021
Mathematics
Thank you, great work!
Customer 452483, July 19th, 2021
English 101
This writer was very quick with the draft and even faster with the revision! Thank you!
Customer 452603, May 30th, 2022
Healthcare Writing & Communications
Perfect! Thank you so much for all of your help!
Customer 452483, October 31st, 2021
Sociology
Thank you so much! Appreciate it!
Customer 452483, November 8th, 2021
1159
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
2 pages
Average paper length
47%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon TERM15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat