House of Lords Reforms
The Discussions on House of Lords Reforms. The work is to be 8 pages with three to five sources, with in-text citations and a reference page. The bill was taken back and a committee was formed, headed by the Earl of Rosebery to discuss proposals for reforms. The cause of this initiation of reforms was the then governments incapacity to enact major proposals for lack of majority in the House of Lords.The journey of reforms until now had seen some important break-through in the year 1911 and 1949. In 1911, the then government succeeded in passing the Parliament bill dealing on composition and relationship between Lords and Commons by pressurizing the Lords to pass the bill otherwise Liberal peers would be created to ensure it becomes an Act. The three major issues of the Parliament Act of 1949 were that the House of Lords should be complementary to House of Commons, having no permanent majority for a political party, heredity, not a basic qualification to sit in the reformed second chamber and women being given the rights to become Lords of Parliament. The latest breakthrough has been the House of Lords Act 1999, providing for the election of 75 hereditary peers by their own party or crossbench groups and the election of 15 hereditary peers by the Whole House to be deputy speakers and committee chairmen.So far, through the House of Lords Act 1999, the dominance of one political party has ended and the Royal Commission has been established under the chairmanship of Lord Wakeham to discuss and finalize reforms. The proposed reforms have their advantages as well as disadvantages. Some of the advantages are:Legitimacy: The proposed reforms will give legitimacy to the upper house, as it will come into being after passing through the democratic process of election. It will be formed on the needs and aspirations of the electorate through democratic mandate.Age: The countrys youth would get a better chance to represent their class. In a nominated house seniors are in majority but elected House of Lords would have a youth, which is good for democracy.