Decoding the Face Negotiation Theory

Create a 2 pages page paper that discusses decoding the face negotiation theory. DECODING THE FACE NEGOTIATION THEORY The Face Negotiation Theory can be rather technical and It was introduced by Stella Ting-Toomey, a communications professor at California State University, aimed at improving communication for resolving conflicts. “Face” is a metaphor for public self-image. “Conflict” is “a form of intense interpersonal and intrapersonal dissonance,” between people with opposing goals, needs, and values (Beauvais, n.d.). To better understand the theory, let us apply it to the story of the Dalai Lama. The Dalai Lama is a holy personage in Tibet in Western China. As a two-year old child, he was chosen by Tibetan Buddhist monks, as the reincarnation of the departed 13th spiritual leader of their people called the Dalai Lama. At age 5, he was enthroned in 1940 as the 14th Dalai Lama, and he grew up in an atmosphere of monastic holiness and scholarship. Today, the Dalai Lama is a Doctor in Buddhist Philosophy, but he is also an exiled leader because in 1950, the People’s Liberation Army of Mao Zedong annexed the land of Tibet into the territory of Mainland China. While in exile in India, the Dalai Lama has vigorously pursued the liberation of his once-independent people. Through the years, Tibetans suffered more than 200,000 dead during the Great Leap Forward occupation of Tibet, 130,000 refugees in exile, 6,000 monasteries destroyed, apart from disappearances and detentions of Tibetan citizens and monks. But surprisingly after years in exile, the Dalai Lama in 2002 opened a dialogue with Beijing officials. He also relinquished the Tibetan goal of independence in favor of genuine autonomy, giving China the control of Tibetan defense and foreign policy. More recently, he expressed support to China’s entry in the United Nation, saying “the world community has a real responsibility to bring China into the mainstream” (Time, 2008). And he points out that the whole world, including the 6 million Tibetans in China, stands to gain from a peaceful and unified China. He stressed that that for Tibetans to think of the Chinese as enemies—and vice versa—is to say they will long be surrounded by enemies. Thus, he wants the idea of “enmities” out of his Middle Way Initiative. (Time, 2008). In Face Negotiation, there is a basic assumption, namely that the individual and the group are intertwined. And within this individual-and-group well-knit relationship, there are two cultures: One, the “me centered” or low-context culture. the Second, the ”other-oriented” high-context culture (Gallagher, 1997). For Ting Toomey, Americans belong to the “me-centered” low-context culture. and some Asians are of the “other-oriented” high-context culture. Thus Americans generally desire independence seeking basic rights of space, privacy, and freedom. On the other hand, Asians desire “inclusion” through respect, approval, appreciation by others. In this sense, the Dalai Lama seems to have crossed from the low-context culture to the high-context culture. He has preferred to dialogue, and not to fight his adversary. In life, the confrontational “me centered” low-context culture is combative and may no longer serve societies effectively, given globalization and a shrunken global environment. The Dalai Lama may have found a new inner face, and practices ingeniously the art of politics. And as the threat of terror bombings and wars face our millennium, we too may also need a different “face.” As the Dalai Lama succeeded in doing, we can cross cultures and become “other-oriented” to resolve not only human conflicts, but the more menacing crisis of the ecological decay of our dying planet. References Beauvais, D. ( n.d. ) A Research Report About Face-Negotiation Theory. Retrieved from http://oak.cats.ohiou.edu-db108494/Classes/InCo234/Face_Negotiation/index.html Gallagher, E. (1997) Stella Ting-Toomey’s Free Negotiation Theory. Retrieved from http://oak.cats.ohiou.edu-eg515298/face.htm Iyer, P. (2008) A Monks’ Struggle. Time. Pp. 34-39.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with TermPapersForMe
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 10k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Biology (and other Life Sciences)
Power Point Presentation was great, appreciate all of your hard work. Thank you!
Customer 452483, August 9th, 2021
Healthcare Writing & Communications
Perfect! Thank you so much for all of your help!
Customer 452483, October 31st, 2021
Healthcare Writing & Communications
You guys are awesome! Appreciate all of your hard work! Thank you.
Customer 452483, October 15th, 2021
Communications
Well done! I thank you very much!
Customer 452483, July 9th, 2021
English 101
Great work! Thanks!
Customer 452567, August 2nd, 2022
Mathematics
Thank you so much!
Customer 452483, July 26th, 2021
Nursing
Excellent writing !! Definitely I will use your services again... Thank you.
Customer 452487, August 22nd, 2021
Communications
came in earlier than I thought and has all the sources listed and cited in APA format, overall all perfect!
Customer 452461, May 24th, 2021
Healthcare Writing & Communications
Thank you so much for all of your hard work! Appreciate it all!
Customer 452483, November 14th, 2021
Classic English Literature
Great paper, thank you!
Customer 452591, May 5th, 2022
Introduction to Sociology
Thank you very much for all of your hard work!
Customer 452483, October 15th, 2021
Nursing
Good job! Thank you.
Customer 452487, October 26th, 2021
1159
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
2 pages
Average paper length
47%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon TERM15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat