Community Oriented Policing
Provide a 10 pages analysis while answering the following question: Community Oriented Policing. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. Especially in todays economic environment, attention must be paid to the cost-effective value of Community Oriented Policing, to give the public the perception that although times may be tough, law enforcement is actively engaged with them in their communities and is a visible contributor in this regard. Community Oriented Policing, or COP, is a way of policing that has been expanding functionally and organizationally since its first inception and popularization during the mid-twentieth century. During this era, the interaction between the community and the police force was seen to be improved by community programs that focused on expanding a positive relationship between the community and the police that had previously been tarnished. Lines of communication were opened and police organizational structures began to change to support a more involved approach in terms of community relations. Goldstein believed that in recognition of the reality of American policing line officers (would be given) the freedom to develop creative solutions to community problems beyond simply making arrests or doing nothing (Kane, 2000). Patrol methods changed as community policing became more popular, and officers were paired in teams and sometimes asked to patrol geographically smaller beats that heightened this sense of community relations and communication in terms of reducing the communitys fear of crime and forming a positive dialogue with police officers. Since, COP has grown to include any number of operations and scenarios which are seen to improve the relationship between the police and the community, which is just what is needed in todays trying times. . Much of the growing literature on community policing tends to be qualitative in nature. That is, success stories are told, but they are accompanied by very little empirical proof (McKee, 2001).