Assignment: Should RRU shift its focus from sustainability reporting and ratings for the next 5 year plan?

Assignment: Should RRU shift its focus from sustainability reporting and ratings for the next 5 year plan?

Assignment: Should RRU shift its focus from sustainability reporting and ratings for the next 5 year plan?




Current 5 year plan coming to end

Action without plan is useless

Urgent  budget and funding constraints?

Current plan coming to an end

Assignment: Should RRU shift its focus from sustainability reporting and ratings for the next 5 year plan?

Need new plan



Research analysis
Pros Cons
Global rise of sustainability Expensive
Lots of universities use rating systems Burden on institution
Credibility rating increases Lack of resources
Better image  goodwill Lack of funding
Specific goals and sharing information People moving on from reports to social media




Social media advocacy

Building a sustainability team (5 year plan)

Extending time to get ratings search?biw =1536&bih=754&tbm= isch&sxsrf =ACYBGNTKy8ZcGOr5VWV6VFRLw4g3PGvoOA%3A1570040902961&sa=1&ei=RuyUXdCcOpHi-gTx2pCYBQ&q= building+a+team&oq = building+a+team&gs_l =img.3..0j0i30l5j0i5i30j0i8i30l3.41538.43507..43717…0.0..0.74.868.15……0….1..gws-wiz-img…….35i39j0i67.IEV-fgjCdcI&ved=0ahUKEwjQ17aSmv7kAhURsZ4KHXEtBFMQ4dUDCAc&uact=5#imgrc=1UKbPp6QxWkUhM:



Decision criteria and alternatives
Alternatives Cost (low) Implementation (how easy is it to implement) Productivity (better results) Reliability (how effective will the results be) Score
Social media 3 3 3 1 10
Team building 1 2 3 3 9
Extending time for the ratings 2 2 2 1 7

1 = Least

3 = Highest




Plan on building a team consisting of students in the next 5 year who can carry out reportin in future plans

Extending time period of getting ratings

Rru can focus on increasing their social media advocation of their sustainability practice



Increasing social media advocacy  angel investors

Building a team  students

Extending period

Keep focus on rating systems in long run

Action plan



Assess the requirements

Start with easiest points

Increase social media advocacy

Build a strong team

Look at costs

Summary of key points





Recommendation & action plan

Reference list

Crommelin, S. (2019, September 26). UCSB Continues to Perform Well on 2019 Sustainable Campus Index Metrics. Retrieved from Daily Nexus: well-on-2019-sustainable-campus-index-metrics/

Cole, L. (2003). Assessing Sustainability on Canadian University Campuses: Development of a Campus Sustainability Assessment Framework. Retrieved from

Bond, A., Morrison-Saunders, A., & Pope, J. (2012). Sustainability assessment: the state of the art. Retrieved from

Carwein, C. (2019, septebmer 25). ECU has improved their sustainability efforts. Retrieved from

Torabian, J. (2018) Are global rankings relevant to sustainable development? Retrieved from

Leinaweaver, J. (2015) Is corporate sustainability reporting a great waste of time? Retrieved from waste-time

Cubas-Diaz, M. & Sedano, M.A.M. (2018) Do credit ratings take into account sustainable performance of a company? Sustainability. Switzerland: MDPI AG

Young, S.T. & Dhanda K.K. (2013) Transparent reporting, measurement and standards. Sustainability Essentials For Business. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage publications, Inc.

Reference list

Clay, J. (2012, December 14). A Hard Look at Sustainability Certifications. Retrieved from

How to Get Certified as a Green Business (And Why It’s Good to Do So). (2018, August 16). Retrieved from

Lidstone, L., Wright, T., & Sherren, K. (2014). An analysis of Canadian STARS-rated higher education sustainability policies. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 17(2), 259–278.

Urbanski, M., & Filho, W. L. (2014). Measuring sustainability at universities by means of the Sustainability Tracking, Assessment and Rating System (STARS): early findings from STARS data. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 17(2), 209–220.

University of New Hampshire Sustainability Institute (2018). Pathway to platinum. Retrieved from https :// /unh-pathway-platinum-report


Discussion Questions (DQ)

  • Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
  • Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
  • One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
  • I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.

Weekly Participation

  • Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
  • In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
  • Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
  • Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.

APA Format and Writing Quality

  • Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
  • Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
  • I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.

Use of Direct Quotes

  • I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
  • As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
  • It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.


LopesWrite Policy

  • For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
  • Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
  • Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
  • Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.

Late Policy

  • The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
  • Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
  • If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
  • I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
  • As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.


  • Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me: 
    • Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
    • Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.


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